Writing literature reviews effectively is a must in grad school. Here are five steps to writing an excellent literature review.
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- Why Write a Literature Review?
- Tips for Writing a Great Literature Review Format for Academic Articles - Expert Journals
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In the sections from Step what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan. I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review. In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you a locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines b read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are:.
Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines e. It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M.
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However, you may pick any scholarly topic. Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing:. Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review. The following are the key steps as outlined by Galvan Galvan, J.
Why Write a Literature Review?
What is a literature review? Why do we write literature reviews? Do an extensive search of the literature Find out what has been written on the topic.
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- Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review!
- Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include:;
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- Writing A Literature Review: General Guidelines;
What kind of literature? How many resources? Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts. Take notes as you read and start to organise your review around themes and ideas.
Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other. Analyse the literature you have found In order for your writing to reflect strong critical analysis, you need to evaluate the sources. For each source you are reviewing ask yourself these questions: What are the key terms and concepts?
How relevant is this article to my specific topic? What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? How has the author structured the arguments?
Tips for Writing a Great Literature Review Format for Academic Articles - Expert Journals
How authoritative and credible is this source? What are the differences and similarities between the sources? Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? Write the review Start by writing your thesis statement. This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Like essays, a literature review must have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. Structure of a literature review Introduction Your introduction should give an outline of why you are writing a review, and why the topic is important the scope of the review — what aspects of the topic will be discussed the criteria used for your literature selection e.
Body paragraphs Each body paragraph should deal with a different theme that is relevant to your topic. The body could include paragraphs on: historical background methodologies previous studies on the topic mainstream versus alternative viewpoints principal questions being asked general conclusions that are being drawn.
Conclusion Your conclusion should give a summary of: the main agreements and disagreements in the literature any gaps or areas for further research your overall perspective on the topic. Checklist for a literature review Have I: outlined the purpose and scope? Academic honesty What is academic honesty at QUT?
What if you are accused of academic dishonesty? How can I avoid plagiarism? What is copyright and how does it apply to me?